Book Æ Speech and Phenomena È and Other Essays on Husserl's Theory of Signs Download º Randarenewables

Reader ✓ and Other Essays on Husserl's Theory of Signs ☆ Jacques Derrida

Published in 1967 when Derrida is 37 years old Voice and Phenomenon appears at the same moment as Of Grammatology and Writing and Difference All three books announce the new philosophical project called “deconstruction” Although Derrida will later regret the fate of the term “deconstruction” he will use it throughout his career to define his own thinking While Writing and Difference collects es Derrida is never for the faint of heart If you are going to read this book you should either be very interested in 20th century philosophy literary theory andor phenomenology the study of phenomenon literally or better the study of signs in language; or be supremely interested in Derrida himself maybe you've heard his name a bunch and want to to know what's upStill I highly suggest reading some other work of Derrida's first Perhaps one of his major ones Of Grammatology or Writing and Difference The reason for that is that Derrida takes ideas that he's developed and inserts them into his commentary of Husserl's philosophies The commentary is half exposition and interpretation and then half modifying and disagreeing Really the modifying and disagreeing is less than half And with Derrida the main ideas are of course differance difference and trace And as always with Derrida the writing is complex sophisticated and somewhat esoteric A layperson could understand Derrida it's not entirely esoteric but it would take lots of concentration Not that I'm a genius or anything but I've read Derrida before and it still took me a number of re reads at some points Certainly this little booklet packs a punch but the substance is not all that special compared to what you could otherwise expect from Derrida He is simply sifting through an other's work to insert his That does not warrant a recommendation If you find yourself reading this though you won't regret it

Book Speech and Phenomena

Speech and Phenomena and Other Essays on Husserl's Theory of Signs SPEPSays written over a 10 year period on diverse figures and topics and Of Grammatology aims its deconstruction at “the age of Rousseau” Voice and Phenomenon shows deconstruction engaged with the most important philosophical movement of the last hundred years phenomenology Only in relation to phenomenology is it possible to measure the importance of deconstruction Only in relation to Husserl’s phil Jacues Derrida’s Speech and Phenomena is a pivotal text that has come to be representative of the uniue self critical turn that philosophy undertook in the late 20th century Originally published in 1967 as La Voix et le Phénomène and translated into English in 1973 the book is an analysis of Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology and his theory of signs Derrida critiues Husserl from a position of respect that in his examination both challenges and builds upon Husserl’s thought Speech and Phenomena introduces the radical ideas that have come to be closely associated with the author fifty years on such as différance the trace and the metaphysics of presence as well as the literary writing style that both imparts and demonstrates Derrida’s philosophy In a cursory way Derrida is known as a philosopher of language yet at the heart of this text and his overall philosophic endeavor is an ethico political challenge to absolute foundations in any guiseIn the “Introduction” Derrida maintains the original German and begins with Husserl’s “sense” of a “twofold” definition Doppelsinn of “sign” Zeichen to mean either “indication” Anzeichen or “expression” Ausdruck In this distinction the indicative sign is a signifier with no signified concept that merely points toward the anticipation of a conceptual meaning and is therefore meaningless The expressive sign on the other hand is one in which a signifier is vitalized by its signified concept so that it stands for something and thus contains meaningful content Confusingly Derrida waits until the next chapter to state Husserl’s point that “sign” “indication” and “expression” are often considered synonymous and that Husserl’s intention is to ascribe meaning Bedeutung and sense Sinn to “expression” and a lack of meaning and sense to the sign that is “indication” For Husserl both variances of a sign occur within the self presence of a subject and this is the crux of what Derrida finds problematic Derrida states that this distillation behind communication is essentially a phenomenological reduction that attempts but ultimately fails to divorce itself from the metaphysics it is bracketing Derrida writes that Husserl “puts out of play all constituted knowledge he insists on the necessary absence of presuppositions” Derrida 4 whereupon the subject is “the source and guarantee of all value” 5 that in the end does not escape metaphysical presence Further the Husserlian notion of “ideality” that allows for ideal meaning to maintain a sameness in infinite repetition can only be understood in a relationship to the temporality of the present Phenomenology cannot give an explanation of authentic ideality because it reuires representation in subjectivity or “the necessary transition from retention to re presentation” 7 This problem is emblematic of the account of absence being a non presence in relation to a living subjective presence Derrida points out that the signification in language is an unsettled medium of difference between this non presence and presence A difference that additionally seems to unite life as the continual present to ideality as definitive meaning in the expressive signs of “living speech” 10 This linking unification in Derrida’s interpretation of Husserl seems to provide an advantage to the “phonè” of phoneticism that is the vitalizing voice in speech which in turn brings back Husserl’s phenomenology to the metaphysics which Husserl had attempted to bypass Thus Derrida likens this phenomena to a metaphysics of presence that is a “privilege of presence as consciousness” 16 with the result being that the “voice is a truism” ibid In this sense Derrida can be understood to initiate a project in his comprehensive introduction that continues Husserl’s phenomenology with an epoché a phenomenological reduction of phenomenology itselfBeginning the chapter “Sign and Signs” Derrida introduces the problem of translation that illustrates the lively and playful way in which he himself writes and therefore reads as somewhat of an irony that is also communicated as subtext Derrida expands on Husserl’s distinction of signs as indication or expression mentioned in the introduction writing “Certainly an indicative sign is a sign as is an expression But unlike an expression an indicative sign is deprived of Bedeutung or Sinn” 17 However Derrida asserts that these functions of signification are entangled together in a de facto manner Which is to say Husserl can only attempt to make at best a de jure distinction Derrida then recedes this magnification and uestions the general meaning of a sign thereby invoking ontological status The uestion would produce answers that “pretend to assign a fundamental or regional place to signification in an ontology” 24 and further this would presuppose a notion of truth onto sign usage in that “One would subject sign to truth language to being speech to thought and writing to speech To say that there could be a truth for the sign in general does this not suppose that the sign is not the possibility of truth does not constitute it but is satisfied to signify it – to reproduce incarnate secondarily inscribe or refer to it?” ibid Herein is Derrida’s essential project in which his method of analysis illustrates the instability of a foundational truth or ideality that he later in the book refers to as “an ethico theoretical act” 53 In “The Reduction of Indication” Derrida returns to the entanglement of the indicative and expressive He stresses that indicative signs can be natural or artificial with the respective examples of Martian canals or stigmata In both senses the phenomena can be indicative of something or nothing at all Any meaning derived would fall into expression and so with this seeming distinction Derrida claims that Husserl attempts to reduce and bracket as an epoche the significance of indication In effect this would position indication outside of subjectivity So again with vocalization as an example it would be difficult to discern the expressive meaning behind or in a speaker’s voice without indicative sounds or speech Beginning the next chapter “Meaning as Solilouy” Derrida addresses the meaning and sense of expressions as well as their metaphysical temporality Expression intends an externalization even though it originates in a consciousness Conveying an active sensibility he states “Expressions as meaningful signs are a twofold going forth beyond itself of the sense Sinn in itself existing in consciousness in the with oneself or before oneself which Husserl first determined as ‘solitary mental life’” 33 In this manner the expressive sign seems to not be a sign at all but rather only a solitary intentionality within The “with oneself or before oneself” suggests a pre linguistic consciousness that seeks a metaphysical origin Derrida insists this pursuit is teleological by reason of the ascription of a purpose that implies a first cause that then hierarchically causes a phenomenon such as language This again reigns in Husserl’s phenomenology to a metaphysical project that Derrida characterizes as “transcendental voluntarism” 35 A dualism such as spirit and body is revealed to be less oppositional and hierarchical on account of an origin “intentionalizing” or animating the body In this sense spirit is the privileged notion yet it also needs the notion of body in its own definition producing a hierarchical vertical structure of attachment rather than distinct opposition This lengthy chapter then proceeds to the physicality that Husserl describes as meaningless or pure indication The vitality or animation that gives meaning to expression is absent in the spatial dimension of communicative bodily movements and gestures Derrida points out that this reinforces the metaphysical nature of Husserl’s exclusion because it deprives meaning from physicality by way of a self present language Additionally Derrida goes on to claim that what determines indication and its supposed distinction from expression is “the immediate nonself presence of the living present” 37 which is to say the empirical presence of natural phenomena as well as others alterity that lie outside self presence Paradoxically the only way to know of this otherness that is another subjective self presence and non presence to subjective presence is through exchanged indicative signification with alterity In this way Husserl’s exclusion of the physical world of indication actually supports alterity Finally with his reinterpretation and 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Jacques Derrida ☆ Text

Book Æ Speech and Phenomena È and Other Essays on Husserl's Theory of Signs Download º Randarenewables ð Published in 1967 when Derrida is 37 years old Voice and Phenomenon appears at the same moment as Of Grammatology and Writing and Difference All three Osophy is it possible to understand the novelty of Derrida’s thinking Voice and Phenomenon therefore may be the best introduction to Derrida’s thought in general To adapt Derrida’s comment on Husserl’s Logical Investigations it contains “the germinal structure” of Derrida’s entire thought Lawlor’s fresh translation of Voice and Phenomenon brings new life to Derrida’s most seminal work Will pre give it 4 stars the second time I go through it ;