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Download Liquid Modernity ã PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free à لقد كانت مهمة الحداثة إطلاق حرية التحقق والاختيار الإنساني من أسر الغيب، وعدم الثقة وغياب اليقين في القدرة على السيطرة على الإنسانت على هذا الع?شكالات التي استلزمت المزج بين قديم وحديث، فلا القديم تلاشى ولا الحديث استمر واستقر بل وجدنا أنفسنا في وسط أنواء وارتباكات تلك السيولةلقد غيرت الحداثة مقومات العيش الإنساني، وأعادت تعريف الزمان والمكان لتمنحهما معاني أكثر اقترانًا بالرأسمالية في مراحلها المتتالية، وبالتالي أعادت طرح سؤال ماذا نعني بالإنسانية، وما خصائصها؟هذا الكتاب هو محاولة تسعى إلى فهم زمن م. I don't get why Bauman is considered such a brilliant intellectual when his most famous book lacks both substance and rigorous research work You can find tons of books or academic articles published in the social sciences that make him look like an amateurBoth the content and the arguments in Liuid Modernity are flimsy and vague when not just banal It seems like Bauman just invented a cool sounding marketable concept and then had to fill pages and pages to justify its existenceMy sensation is supported not only by the actual content but also by the writing style which is confused and confusing carrying forward a long post hegelian tradition of messy pseudo oracular prose

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لقد كانت مهمة الحداثة إطلاق حرية التحقق والاختيار الإنساني من أسر الغيب، وعدم الثقة وغياب اليقين في القدرة على السيطرة على الإنسانت على هذا العالم، والقيام بحرب غير مقدسة لإخضاع الطبيعة بالعلوم، وبالتالي رفع مستوى الحرية وضمان الفردية وإخراج المرء من القفص الحديدي للتقاليد لكن التقاليد لم تنته بل اختلف فهمنا لها، والتاريخ لم ينته، بل أحدثت التحولات كثيرًا من ال?. I’ve done other reviews on Bauman’s books and have mentioned his theory of ‘the liuid modern’ but given the title of this one it would be impossible to not mention it again For Bauman the enlightenment was the birth of the modern It was about removing the old certainties and replacing them with new certainties – replacing solid for solid These new certainties would be based on the most up to date science and therefore be a manifestation of pure reason As such they could be expected to last forever in ways that the previous metaphysics and theology could not be expected to Modernity was in a temporary and necessary phase of change – laying new foundations that would later ensure that the new structures built outside of superstitions would then be permanent Bauman’s argument is that the revolutionary aspect of the modern was misrecognised by these early theorists – that permanence was something that modernity was actively overturning in ways that would never again allow such to exist And thus modernity is fundamentally fluid in its very essence This book is a working out of the implications of this idea of liuidity as applied to various key aspects of modernity emancipation work community the individual time and space The point of this book is probably best understood in the afterword – here he explains that the point of sociology is to understand the relationship between fate and destiny Fate is the ‘TINA’ world There Is No Alternative that we just have to accept – whereas destiny is the extent to which we are able to change our future to match our desires Understanding the constraints that fate imposes on our destinies is important as it illuminates the extent of our actual freedom – and also the extent to which we need to overcome restrictions if we are to have options for our destinyOne of the major constraints imposed on our freedom as well as one of the greatest – or even only facilitators is society It is impossible to imagine us having any freedom at all outside society – but that freedom comes at costs and often these are costs remain outside out conscious awarenessAs society changes so does our way of living within society Bauman’s point is that society has been changing in ways that make most of the solid constraints acting upon us – in the sense of morality or ways of being generally – much fluid For instance at one point he says that one of the only things in life that is extending its duration is our lives themselves – that is we are living longer while everything around us is getting replaced faster As someone who grew up in a major city this is particularly clear There are buildings in my city that are still there from when I was a child but the whole feel culture look and ways in which the city is used have all changed so much it is hard to see it as really the same place As a child the only non white faces one might see in Melbourne were Asians in Chinese restaurants – today the CBD is population is dominated by Asian students and the faces one sees on the streets reflects this Not just in their being Asian but also in the age of these people When I was growing up the CBD was a business centre a place of work and so the faces in the street were older and obviously middle class There is little doubt the city will be unrecognisable again in another 30 years Change is allBut this constant change this fluidity impacts on us in

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Liquid Modernityتغير، انتقلت فيه المجتمعات المعاصرة من الحداثة الصلبة إلى الحداثة السائلة، من حالة متمايزة من طرق الحياة الإنسانية إلى حالة أخرى، داعيًا إلى إعادة النظر في المفاهيم والأطر المعرفية المستخدمة لرواية تجربة فردية الإنسان والتاريخ المشترك ولذلك يختار باومان خمسة من المفاهيم الأساسية التي عملت على معنى الحياة المشتركة للإنسان التحرّر، الزمانالمكان، العمل، والمجتم. There is little that exercised the minds of critical and pop theorists in the last 30 years that our current stage of modernity – is it post modernity with or without the hyphen late modernity in the manner of Frederic Jameson is it incomplete modernity for those of us who’ve read our Habermas or if none of the above then what The debates have been frenetic the status of apostles and their leaders’ foundational texts hotly disputed with allegations of fraudulent or flawed analysis and false messiah hood widespread This is a set of debates that I try to keep up with for both professional purposes and because it is fairly interesting if at times arcane beyond all belief For this reason I hang my head with a degree of shame that it has taken me 15 years to get to Zygmunt Bauman’s Liuid Modernity a sharp and in places compelling foray into this fieldIn its big form Bauman’s thesis is uite simple Once we had solid capitalism with investment in fixed plant and an economy based in the production of stuff; this is a form of industrial capitalism that reached its apex state in the 20 years after World War 2 Now we have liuid capitalism where investment traverses the globe settling usually briefly in a specific place to extract some value and move on; this is similar to finance capitalism The conseuence of this liuid capitalism is a condition of liuid modernity of the instability of social relations and their conseuences so in sociological terms we live in times characterised by high levels of self identification and privatised beliefs with conseuent fragile identitiesThis condition he explores through five principal social factors – emancipation individuality timespace work and community – that provide the core characteristics of modern society Much of the writing is elegantly metaphorical suggesting for instance that many of our social relations have shifted from a formerly stable marriage to a much less stable condition of cohabitation where what is missing is the pledge of forever ‘till death do us part’ and all those things There is much too much to try to do justice to here and I am not sure that I have really settled into the detail and range of the argument but there are rich a sophisticated critiues throughout such as a distinction between physical health and fitness with health much solid than fitness although still with a degree of fluidity or the distinction between aspects of precariousness as insecurity uncertainty and unsafety For much of my work associated with nations and nationalism I found his use of Claude Levi Strauss’s argument in Tristes Tropiues between actions that set out to consume the Other and those that set out to expel Otherness a helpful metaphor to revisit nationalism and expatriation and ethnicity Bauman’s humanism may be seen clearly in his work much so than in other work of his I have read over the years as in the beginning of the final paragraph “Doing sociology and writing sociology is aimed at disclosing the possibility of living together differently with less misery or no misery the possibility daily withheld overlooked or unbelieved” p 215 This is grand theory of the kind rejected as possible by the austere acolytes of some forms of post modern theory; it is also humanist theory designed to inspire us to see clearly the interconnections in the fluid and complex world of ‘liuid modernity’ and in seeing clearly to act I