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قطعت الثقافة الغربية وعوداً كثيرة من بينها الوعد باستئصال الخوف من العالم وإخضاعه الإدارة بشرية وعقلانية وكان ذلك يعني استبعاد لغة القضاء والقدر والبلاء والابتلاء والتحوّل الى لغة الادارة والاستحقاق والمسؤولية والإدارة وكانت هذه المفردات الجديدة تطمح إلى محاربة المجالات الثلاثة التي يصدر عنها الخوف اولاً جموح الطبيعة، فقد أعلنت الحداثة عزمها على استئصال الخوف الكوني الصادر عن طبيعة هائجة لا يمكن السيطرة ع?. I’m surprised at how many books I’ve been reading lately that are very similar to Beck’s Risk Society Now this isn’t a bad thing as some of the ideas in that are really really important and need to be thought about much broadly In some ways the key ideas here are very much those explained by Beck in his book So fear We are mostly afraid of death And not least because we can’t really conceive it There was a story true I suppose about an American on death row who was eating his last meal He stood up to leave his cell and the guard asked him if he didn’t want to eat his cake He said he was full and would have it when he got back This was in an article about America killing people with low IsBut there is now an advertising industry in Australia selling funeral insurance and it seems to me one of the big selling points is that because you get to pay for the funeral yourself you get to choose how the ‘celebration’ of your life will occur what music will be played and so on How is that different from the guy wanting to eat his cake after the electric chairOur struggle against death is really something worth thinking about Recently I read somewhere that people are alive today who are over 50 than there have been over 50 in the whole of human history This could well be one of those ‘statistics’ that sound good but aren’t really true like that the living outnumber the dead but all the same the last hundred years has seen a remarkable change in life expectancy If we were rational creatures we would be infinitely grateful for the good nutrition and sanitation perhaps less so for certain medical advances that generally get much praise than is deserved Instead of being grateful we almost assume that mortality is some sort of flaw and one we will very soon overcome As Bauman says here no one just dies any How annoyed would you be if someone you know and love died of ‘natural causes’ Surely that would just mean that the doctor didn’t know what killed them We need to know it was a heart attack or liver failure or something else – and then knowing that we can imagine ways and means of someday stopping those things from killing us The idea we ‘have to die of something’ seems impossible to us – if not symptomatic of either too much pessimism or a defeatist attitudeThere is a clear relationship between fear and powerlessness He makes a lot of the Lisbon Earthuake and how ‘acts of God’ all fall into that long tradition back to the Book of Job – God does crazy shit you can’t understand it you just need to put up with it But now it is worse Our society probably couldn’t exist if it wasn’t for people following orders and doing stuff they wouldn’t normally dream of doing It isn't just god that does crazy shit it's us too Like nurses who will inflict incredible pain on patients because they are following orders from doctors What we might call ‘necessary pain’ Ariely talks about this in his The Upside of Irrationality where he tells a doctor that removing bandages one way is better than removing them another way – and the doctor says yes but only for the patient The standard example that is always given is Nazi Prison Guards of course but in a bureaucratic world we are all just following orders How long would you last in virtually any job if you said 'I can't do that it goes against my basic morality'The worst of it is that the problems that really face the world and the things we ought to be most afraid of are things we have little or no control over And not just us but even our national governments have virtually no control over them either Worse still it is in the interests of the very powerful that there is no extension of democratic rights to the global sphere Today we elect governments that can do virtually nothing about the issues that are to have the most devastating affects on us – global warming pollution nuclear weapons – but that then go on to create other fears they can look like they are busy addressing – terrorism anyoneThere was a time when an American President could say “We have nothing to fear but fear itself” Imagine if a politician said that today It is inconceivable Politicians today multiply fears they create fears were none existed before And it is only in this process that they can hope to be elected It is only through this process that they can help us take our eyes from what are the real issues facing us and that they and we can do nothing aboutAnd in the process of having us afraid we are increasingly expected to turn to our own resources to tackle these global issues We are being encouraged to become atoms – remember Thatcher saying there is no society only individuals – except there is a society and there are society wide problems that can only be faced by citizens not by individuals Marx said at one point workers of the world unite But we have seen pretty much the exact opposite of this Now jobs disappear from high wage countries and end up in low wage countries only to be moved to lower wage countries The fear of having one’s livelihood stolen isn’t an irrational fear it is the lived experience of swathes of people across the planet But global capitalism is virtually beyond regulation in any form at all To the point where for the largest firms things like paying taxes have become virtually discretionary The effect of this is to smash organised labour so that there is no competition for capital at all The conseuences are child labour clothing factory fires gross exploitation and all covered by mantras about cheaper goods and long term development advantages The dream being I assume that one day capitalism will run out of cheap labour markets and suddenly everyone will be better off When I was a kid the standard call was to ‘think globally but act locally’ – the problem is that we need to act globally to overcome global problems And we need to do that as global citizens in than just name As he says today the global citizens come in three varieties – the global capitalist who destroys the planet global academics who go to conferences to discuss how the capitalists are destroying the planet or to praise them in their destruction and global terrorists Perhaps we could do with some global citizens in there too with the power to enforce international behaviours a couple of steps up from our current piracy and pillage People were able to stop the slave trade despite all of the reasonable economic arguments about why this would be ultimately impossible

Summary Liquid Fear

Liquid Fear?يها، فأهملت فكرة القضاء والقدر، وحمّلت الإنسان اللمسؤولية عن الشر ودعت إلى الكف عن لوم الإله على ذلكثانياًهشاشة جسد الإنسان، وخوفه من أمراضه، فحاربت الحداثة الشبح المخيف الذي يطرق الأبواب ليقبض الأرواح وصار للموت أسباب طبيعية ثالثاً العدوان البشري، القائم على مقولة توماس هوبز بأن الإنسان ذئب لأخيه الإنسان، فكان الحل بوجود دولة قوية تهذب الرغبات الكامنة في الإنسان، دولة تعتمد جهنم الدنيوية الواقعية، بدلاً م. عندما يتحول الخوف إلي سمة حضارية فهذه هي حضارة الحداثة السائلة To be reviewed with the rest of series

Zygmunt Bauman Ä 2 Read & download

Free download ë Liquid Fear Ë PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free µ قطعت الثقافة الغربية وعوداً كثيرة من بينها الوعد باستئصال الخوف من العالم وإخضاعه الإدارة بشرية وعقلانية وكان ذلك يعني استبعن جهنم الأخروية المتخيلةوعلى الغرم من كل هذه المحاولات والأمل في التخلص من آثار الدولة الشمولية، ونزعاتها المتطرفة، وتأسيس دولة الرعاية الاجتماعية من أجل استئصال الخوف من المستقبل، وتحقيق الأمن الاجتماعي، إلا أننا ما زلنا أمام دولة انسحبت من أدوارها الاقتصادية والاجتماعية والثقافية، وأفسحت الطريق أمام عولمة الاقتصاد وعولمة الجريمة وعولمة الإرهاب، وباتت الدولة نفسها تبرر القتل الجماعي ونزع إنسانية الإنسان. يا عيني عليك يا باومان