Hollow Land: Israel's Architecture of Occupation Download ´ eBook PDF or Kindle ePUB

Eyal Weizman Ê 7 Characters

Hollow Land: Israel's Architecture of Occupation Download ´ eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB ↠ من أنفاق غزة إلى الفضاء المُعَسكر فوق المناطق المحتلة، يكشف إيال وايزمان عن ميكانيزمات السيطرة الإسرائيلية التي من أنفاق غزة إلى الفضاء المُعَسكر فوق المناطق المحتلة، يكشف إيال وايزمان عن ميكانيزمات السيطرة الإسرائيلية التي تحيل القرى، البلدات والطرق الفلسطينية إلى شرَكٍ تكون فيه المعالم الطبيعية والمبنيّة في خدمة ال. This book is an investigation of the transformation of the Occupied Palestinian Territories since 1967 It looks at the ways in which the different forms of Israeli rule inscribed themselves in space analysing the geographical territorial urban and architectural conceptions and the interrelated practices that form and sustain them In doing so it provides an image of the very essence of Israeli occupation its origin evolution and the various ways by which it functionsIt is masterfully done as well It is not a history or a detailed look at the current situation but incorporates both into a study that instead does what Weizman calls 'probing the various structures of territorial occupation' His discussion of these structures is chronological corresponding to different periods of occupation It reads almost like science fiction than Joanna Russ who I was reading at the same time It does not so much call upon Foucault or Deleuze and Guattari as exemplify them and give them terrifying real world application It is amazingly grounded and engaged though the initial language put me off the tiniest bit You think it will be theoretical and agonizingly abstracted from an unjust reality but it is the opposite There is so much here that makes you think about space and its connection to power and politics and war but I personally am almost afraid to use it as the situation it describes is unparalleled The only thing I can relate it to is the murder and complete dispossession of Native Americans in the US and Canada To relate it to less risks mocking the desperate violence and injustice of the occupation of Palestinian landsI am fascinated by the idea of elastic geographies the way that borders and boundaries shift and change the way that inside and outside are blurred The State certainly has a level of power but such boundaries are elastic because contested thus the actions of multiple actors comes into play 'Because elastic geographies respond to a multiple and diffused rather than a single source of power their architecture cannot be understood as the material embodiment of a unified political will or as the product of a single ideology Rather the organization of the Occupied Territories should be seen as a kind of 'political plastic' or as a diagram of the relation between all the forces that shaped it'Spatial organization as a diagram of operating forces a very cool way to think about space and power He says elsewhere 'The architecture of the frontier could not be said to be simply 'political' but rather 'politics in matter' This is a perfect connect to Lefebvre who is never mentioned or cited so many insights here appear to emerge organically from the subject but in reviewing the notes and bibliography I found some absences rather curious especially when he says things like The various inhabitants of this frontier do not operate within the fixed envelopes of space space is not the background for their actions an abstract grid on which events take place but rather the medium that each of their actions seeks to challenge transform or appropriate Space is both the object of struggle and its product it is both shaped by and shapes struggle I confess I did not know a great deal about the details of Israel's occupation While not written as a history this gives you an incredible depth and breadth of view into the situation It also challenges you to uestion liberalism itself and joins in the growing body of literature critical of both liberal reform and foreign aid and the ways these so often go together He writes 'The history of the occupation is full of liberal 'men of peace' who are responsible for or who at least sweeten the injustice committed by the occupation The occupation would not have been possible without them'It also looks at the neoliberalisation of discourse 'Indeed the bureaucratic infrastructure of the Oslo process sought to replace an 'occupation' with 'management' In this way Israeli Palestinian interactions which by the standards of international law were still performed within the framework of belligerent occupation were depoliticized into a smilingly neo liberal 'service economy' a mere business transaction' there is also the effort to make the situation seem a 'natural' rather than 'political' one and the resulting policy effects 'Recasting the crisis in terms of 'humanitarian politics' was itself a political decision by the European and American donor countries; in doing so they effectively released Israel from its responsibilities according to international law and undermined their own potential political influence in bringing the occupation to an end'The dallying of the IDF with radical and critical theory through their Operational Theory Research Institute OTRI was mind boggling That it came bundled in a chapter explaining the new Israeli practice of blasting their way through the walls of civilian homes to move around the refugee camps made it sinister Being a refugee is terrible enough but for armed men to come blasting through your wall without warning Terrifying Pitched battles took place in living rooms and people lived with these holes after the conflict covering them over with shelves and etc It all came to pieces in the end but wow Here is Weizman to Naveh one of OTRI's directors I then asked him if so why does he not read Derrida and deconstruction instead He answered 'Derrida may be a little too opaue for our crowd We share with architects; we combine theory and practice We can read but we know as well how to build and destroy and sometimes kill'They go to look at Deleuze and Guatarri rhizomes and war machines Weizman continuesWhen I asked him if moving through walls was part of it he answered that 'travelling through walls is a simple mechanical solution that connects theory and practice Transgressing boundaries is the definition of the condition of smoothness'Thus critical theory was divorced of moral content and socialist ideals stripped down to its ability to disrupt and used both against the Palestinians as well as in power struggles within the Israeli military allowing it to reinvent itself Terrifying There is the banality of architecture and building construction with brutal conseuences According to testimony from Machsom Watch the tight turnstiles ended up causing harm and chaos 'People got stuck parcels got crushed dragged along and burst open on the ground Heavier people got trapped in the narrow space as were older women and mothers with small children'45 It is hard to imagine the cruelty imposed by a minor transformation of a banal and otherwise invisible architectural detail ostensibly employed to regulate and make easier the process of passageSo much of interest around defining public and private making and unmaking subjects examining defense against outside forces as opposed to security guarding from the enemy within There is just so much here My only small critiue is that while Weizman emphasizes the multiplicity of actors responsible for the creation of space in the occupied territories the role of Palestinian struggle only really emerges in the last chapter on Evacuations Even where he emphasizes the ways in which Jewish settlers followed their own logics to counterproductive results at times and stated outright that Ariel Sharon didn't mastermind the settlement process the rest of the chapter and perhaps the book seems to prove that his finger was literally in every pie In spite of its desires to the contrary there is still some sense of overwhelming power and force that the last chapter doesn't uite manage to overcome Where are the points where hope is possible Though I admit given Israel's latest round of assassinations and bombing of the Gaza strip even now hope seems very far away

Read Í eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Ê Eyal Weizman

غايات العسكرية يقتفي وايزمان مسار تطور هذه الاستراتيجية بدءاً من تأثير الأركيولوجيا في التخطيط المديني، وإعادة صياغة مفهوم الدفاع على يد آرييل شارون خلال حرب 1973، ثمّ عبر تخطيط المستوطنات وطرزها المعمارية ، و. An unrelenting and confronting dissection of the multiple parallel spatial tactics Israel inflict upon the Palestinians 'Architecture' in this sense is not used as an elastic term but to specifically refer to the the social and spatial structures and strategies deployed in this conflict

Read Hollow Land: Israel's Architecture of Occupation

Hollow Land Israel's Architecture of Occupationصولاً إلى الخطاب الإسرائيلي المعاصر و تنفيذ الحرب المدينية والاغتيالات الموجَّهة من الجولقد كشف أرض جوفاء عن طبيعة النظام السياسي الإسرائيلي في خضم هذا المشروع المعقد والمفزع لأواخر العصر الكولونيالي الحدي?. Fun look at all the ways Israel oppresses the Palestinian people