Read The Moral Vision of the New Testament Community Cross New Creation A Contemporary Introduction to New Testament Ethics ê PDF eBook or Kindle ePUB free

characters ì PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ´ Richard B. Hays

A leading expert in New Testament ethics discovers in the biblical witness a unified ethical vision centered in the themes o. While there have been many books abound on the New Testament's function as critiue of Roman Imperialism there are few books on the basic social ethics and implications of the New Testament Richard B Hays' Moral Vision of the New Testament serves as a solid basic primer in New Testament social ethics both on the interpersonalcommunity level and the level of political critiue Hays attempts to translate the ethical models of the four Gospels Revelations Acts and the Epistles into basic forms of interpretation for the modern day as well as directly addressing contemporary social issues such as abortion homosexuality violence and divorceThe strong suit of the book is its emphasis on the Christian community as incarnational community the church is the Body of Christ and as such enacts the love of God revealed in Jesus in all aspects of its life The church he argues incarnates the righteousness of God Paul especially in his letters to the early Christian communities exhorts the followers of Jesus to live in solidarity with eachother to practice forgiveness and sharing of resources and to care for the weak and infirm This church is also opposed to the use of coercive force and Hays makes a compelling case for the inescapably of ethical pacifism in the textThe weakness however is in a few of his ethical assessments regarding abortion homosexuality and divorce His communitarian examination of the functioning of the church throughout the New Testament text itself is particularly poignant and effective yet some of the personal ethical examinations fall flatHomosexuality for example is seen as giving in to unnatural sexual temptations which consume the person in a way antithetical to the communal character of the faith While it is fair to note that many personal actions can be detrimental to communal life even if they don't hurt anyone directly ie conspicuous consumption the appeal to how the penis is meant to fit in the vagina is a tired argument that reeks of biological essentialism not transformative gospel ethics It says nothing about value in the nature of relationships arguing instead that nature itself dictates whether or not relationships are valuable or beneficial to the couple andor the communityHays uses the narrative of a long time friend who was afflicted with AIDS to delve a little deeper into the New Testament portions that actually deal with the issue Paul's letters mostly The story is admirably honest and moving and the friend finds that he can not reconcile his sexual orientation with his faith based on this particular reading of the text The friend also struggles with the rest of the gay community which he sees as self affirming and also sees forming ones identity on sexuality as potentially dangerous Oddly however natural law is invoked in this portion of the book while the rest of the book seems to present an ethical model against what is presumed to be natural in the society of the Roman Empire and the society of today ie consumer capitalism individualism imperialism economic injustice The way genitals fit together appears to be the base of the argument from which the rest flows and not how they affect the individual or community as a whole In fairness however Hays acknowledges at the beginning of the chapter that homosexuality is a relatively small issue compared to economic justice which gives an indication that even as a conservative Methodist he sees economic relationship as the primary crux the ethics in the gospelsDespite the aforementioned flaws Hays' book does a very thorough job of presenting the ethical world of the New Testament and where the individual and the church fit into its plot line The church is to embody the social ethic that is represented in Jesus of Nazareth and meant to turn the basic assumptions of the world upside down Recommended despite its flaws as a thorough and thoughtful introduction to New Testament ethics

Free download The Moral Vision of the New Testament Community Cross New Creation A Contemporary Introduction to New Testament Ethics

The Moral Vision of the New Testament Community Cross New Creation A Contemporary Introduction to New Testament EthicsRovides moral guidance on the most troubling ethical issues of our time including violence divorce homosexuality and abortio. A massive amazing look at the New Testament and how it relates to created a set of morals or ethics In the first main section Hays tackles different booksauthors to try and get some sort of consensus in the approach from them In approaching in this manner there are some illuminating discoveries made from the different books which help us see similarities and differences in their respective approaches to handling ethics After giving a thorough response to each he spends a chapter each on several hot issues among Christians I really appreciated these chapters because it finally brought together all the work from the main portion of the book and should how they can directly apply to modern ethics Also because of all the work he did to try and really understand what the authors said the handling of the different issues was done with grace rather than just emotions Really an excellent book that I'll definitely be coming back to in the future

Richard B. Hays ´ 5 Read

Read The Moral Vision of the New Testament Community Cross New Creation A Contemporary Introduction to New Testament Ethics ê PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ☆ A leading expert in New Testament ethics discovers in the biblicalF community cross and new creation that has profound relevance in today′s world Richard Hays shows how the New Testament p. Hays wants the New Testament to be normative the primary grounding for Christian ethics Fascinatingly at the same time he actually acknowledges modern scholarship redaction criticism the plethora of ethical differences among the diverse biblical writers that were sometimes rooted in contrary eschatologies Since he doesn't hold the evangelical assumption that everything is perfectly harmonious and that we can thus interpret the bible with the bible but instead he wants to actually let the authors speak with their uniue voice it means Hays cannot use one biblical author who is exceedingly reasonable to negate or balance out the ideological command rooted in an eschatology that was convinced the world was just about to end Since Hays holds to the authority of all the NT text over the church and would see any undermining of this authority as the diminution of Christianity and yet also acknowledges that there are conflicting commands and some unreasonable ideals I kept wondering how will he proceed; especially if he can't use one part of the bible to do away with another part of the bible like Evangelicals typically doHay suggests the way forward is to engage in a careful synthesis of the multitudinous New Testament material using the three foci community cross and new creation Hays acknowledged the fact that biblical interpretation doesn't occur in a vacuum It is impossible to not be influenced by culture tradition experience and reason it is obvious Sola Scriptura is impossible for tied in with the cry sola scriptura was the delusional belief scripture is perfectly plain clear consistent and obvious something Hays has enough sense to reject So our synthesis of the biblical content will not only be influenced by tradition experience and reason but these also can be thought to have their placeI finally got a better sense of how this played out when he addressed practical ethical issues with his approach He first considers the topic of violence and argues the New Testament is univocally opposed to the community of God using violence in the service of justice but rather is called to pick up the cross and live as new creations as we wait for the Parousia Hays is committed to allow the different biblical writers to have their uniue voice and emphasis’ He starts with a close look at the sermon on the mount in Matthew chapter 5 starting in vs 38 The words from Jesus appear so extreme that numerous exegetes throughout the years have proposed explanations to wiggle away from what appears to be the plain meaning Hays finds none of these attempts persuasive Hay argues that there is every reason to think Jesus meant his commands to be obeyed by his disciples and that he was not presenting an impossible ideal When Jesus says “You have heard it said eye for an eye but I tell you” Hays notes that the lex talionis in Deut 1915 21 is prescriptive—it commands violence—one isn’t allowed to show pity Yet Jesus forbids physical retaliation saying “don’t resist an evildoer” and “turn the other cheek” This fits with a larger emphasis upon being peacemakers salt of the earth and a city on a hill In Matt 544 Jesus says to “Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you” As Hays continued moving into his synthesis he points out how Jesus’ entire life demonstrated his stance against violence and the church in the book of Acts continues to embody Christ's ethic Paul in Romans 58 10 told us what it means that God loves his enemies it looks like laying his life down to save them rather than killing them Paul is clear that we are to imitate Christ Paul sounds a lot like Jesus in Romans 1214 21 Later we learn what it means that Jesus ‘bore our sins in his body’ and are told to do the same by Peter who wrote “For to this you have been called because Christ also suffered for you leaving you an example so that you should follow in his steps When he was abused he did not return abuse; when he suffered he did not threaten; but he entrusted himself to the one who judges justly” 1 Pet 22132 Even in the eschatological gore fest that is the book of Revelation—which eagerly looks forward to the worldwide genocide inflicted by Christ when he returns to trample his enemies underfoot in the wine press of his wrath still in Revelator insist the Christians in the meantime are to lay down their lives rather than fighting back But what about tradition reason and experience Hays points out that tradition before Constantine was against violence however since the marriage of the church with the state the church has fairly consistently supported the use of force Hay wrote how the reasoning developed to support just war is grounded in Natural Law rather than the New Testament Hays also thinks that experience shouldn’t override the persistent call for Christian nonviolence and love of enemies Since the New Testament speaks with one voice then tradition reason and experience need to submit rather than override if we want the NT to be normative for the church in her ethicsSo with violence his synthesis resulted in a truly harmonious message and thus clear normative non violence stance for the church What about an area in the bible where the biblical authors are not harmonious in their ethical stance I read Hay's chapter on Anti Judaism and it definitely shows how he wrestles with the influence of scripture tradition experience and reason in combo If we turn to scripture we have a variety of positions on Judaism; from Paul's agony in his heart for his people according to the flesh and his insistence that God hadn't given up on them and how in the end all of Israel would be saved; to Matthew and John's impassioned hate filled vindictive tirades against the Jews whose father is Satan those God killers whose children are forever stained with the guilt of Jesus' blood those who are not His sheep and thus cannot believe whom God has as determined them to be damned disowning forever Sadly Tradition ended up being influenced by Matthew and John thus almost 2000 years of pogroms avalanches of hatred in word and deed from many of the pillars of the Christian tradition; indeed people like Augustine and Luther were people of their time influenced by the prejudices of their day; we shouldn't make their words sacrosanct The experience of the holocaust at last exposed this evil for what it was all along and thankfully made it unfashionable And due to the influence of experience now Reason modern scholarship influenced by the times can look and find evidence that both Matthew and John were shaped in a bitter conflict with the new Rabbinic movement after the fall of Jerusalem So what we see is Matt and John who were part of a minority group put their deep hurt bitterness perplexity and hatred of their fellow Jews in their writings having no idea the kind of evil they'd later instigate when Christiandom would come into its own And thus we can say Paul's position on the Jews is to be preferred and considered authoritative than Matt and John that tradition was wrong and that experience and reason are incredibly important So what is clear is when there are divergent views in the New Testament and some of them are deeply immoral experience and reason can allow one to favor those positions that are wholesome